Below you will find helpful videos on what to expect on different portions of the SAT: Essay, Math, Writing and Language, and Reading.

Test Structure Information

Total Testing Time: 3 hours (plus 50 minutes for the optional Essay)


1. Evidence-Based Reading and Writing

2. Math

3. Essay (optional)

Important Features:

– Focus on the knowledge, skills, and understandings that research has identified as most important for college and career readines and success

– Greater emphasis on the meaning of words in extended contexts and on how word choice shapes mearning, tone, and impact

– Rights-only scoring (no penalty for guessing)


– Optional and given at the end of the SAT: Postsecondary institutions determine whether they will require the Essay for admission

– 50 minutes to write the essay

– Tests reading, analysis, and writing skills; students produce a written analysis of a provided source text

Score Reporting:

– Scale ranging from 400 to 1600

– Scale raning from 200 to 800 for Evidence-Based Reading and Writing; 200 to 800 points for Math; 2 to 8 on each of three dimensions for Essay

– Essay results reported separately

Subscore Reporting:

– Subscores for every test, providing added insight for students, parents, admission officers, educators, and counselors

Testing Length and Timing:

Reading: 65 minutes allotted with 52 questions/tasks

Writing and Language: 35 minutes allotted with 44 questions/tasks

Essay (optional): 50 minutes allotted with 1 question/task

Math: 80 minutes allotted with 58 questions/tasks

Total: 180 (230 with Essay) minutes allotted with 154 (155 with Essay) questions/tasks